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Protein Expr Purif. 2002 Aug;25(3):372-8.

A micro-scale process for high-throughput expression of cDNAs in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

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Department of Microbiology and Genetics, Institute for Biotechnology, Berlin University of Technology, Gustav-Meyer-Allee 25, D-13355 Berlin, Germany.


Methods have been developed aimed at applying at high-throughput technology for expression of cloned cDNAs in yeast. Yeast is a eukaryotic host, which produces soluble recombinant proteins and is capable of introducing post-translational modifications of protein. It is, thus, an appropriate expression system both for the routine expression of various cDNAs or protein domains and for the expression of proteins, which are not correctly expressed in Escherichia coli. Here, we describe a standard system in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, based on a vector for intracellular protein expression, where the gene products are fused to specific peptide sequences (tags). These epitope tags, the N-terminal His(6) tag and the C-terminal StrepII tag, allow subsequent immunological identification and purification of the gene products by a two-step affinity chromatography. This method of dual-tagged recombinant protein purification eliminates contamination by degraded protein products. A miniaturization of the procedures for cloning, expression, and detection was performed to allow all steps to be carried out in 96-well microtiter plates. The system is, thus, suitable for automation. We were able to analyze the simultaneous protein expression of a large number of cDNA clones due to the highly parallel approach of protein production and purification. The microtiter plate technology format was extended to quantitative analysis. An ELISA-based assay was developed that detects StrepII-tagged proteins. The application of this high-throughput expression system for protein production will be a useful tool for functional and structural analyses of novel genes, identified by the Human Genome Project and other large-scale sequencing projects.

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