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Neurosurgery. 2002 Jul;51(1):247-52; discussion 252-3.

Covered stent-graft repair of the brachiocephalic arteries: technical note.

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Department of Neurological Surgery, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles 90033-1029, USA.



The use of a covered stent-graft to repair disruptions of the cervical carotid and vertebral arteries is described. This device maintains vessel patency while effectively excluding pseudoaneurysms, arteriovenous fistulae, and other breaches in the integrity of the arterial wall.


Patient 1 bled from a large rent in the proximal common carotid artery as a result of tumor invasion. Patient 2 developed a vertebral arteriovenous fistula after a stab injury to the neck. Patient 3 developed cerebral infarction and an enlarging pseudoaneurysm of the internal carotid artery, also after a stab wound to the neck.


All three patients were treated with the Wallgraft endoprosthesis (Boston Scientific, Watertown, MA). In each case, the vessel wall defect was repaired while antegrade flow through the artery was preserved or restored. No neurological complications occurred as a result of stent-graft deployment.


Covered stent-grafts offer an alternative to endovascular occlusion of the parent vessel, thereby expanding the therapeutic options for patients with extracranial cerebrovascular disease. These three cases highlight the usefulness and versatility of these devices for endoluminal reconstruction of the brachiocephalic vasculature.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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