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Clin Ther. 2002 Jul;24(7):1072-89.

A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled comparison of the analgesic efficacy, onset of action, and tolerability of ibuprofen arginate and ibuprofen in postoperative dental pain.

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1
Scirex Corporation Inc, Austin, Texas 78705, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Because of its enhanced pharmacokinetic characteristics, ibuprofen arginate might be expected to provide faster pain relief than standard ibuprofen formulations in patients experiencing acute pain.

OBJECTIVE:

This study assessed the analgesic efficacy, speed of onset, and tolerability of ibuprofen arginate compared with a commercially available form of ibuprofen in patients with postoperative dental pain.

METHODS:

Patients were randomized to receive ibuprofen arginate 200 or 400 mg, ibuprofen 200 or 400 mg, or placebo in this multicenter, double-blind, double-dummy, parallel-group trial. Patients were observed for 6 hours after administration of a single dose of study medication. A repeated-dose, open-label phase followed. Pain intensity and pain relief were measured using traditional verbal descriptor scales; onset of analgesia was assessed using 2 stopwatches to measure the time to achievement of specific pain relief criteria.

RESULTS:

A total of 498 patients (219 men, 279 women; mean age, 21.5 years) participated in this study. Baseline pain was moderate in 388 patients (78%) and severe in 110 patients (22%). Meaningful pain relief was reached after a median of 29 and 28 minutes with ibuprofen arginate 200 and 400 mg, respectively, and after 52 and 44 minutes with ibuprofen 200 and 400 mg, respectively (all, P < 0.05). The percentages of patients who achieved meaningful pain relief within the first hour after treatment were 77.6% and 83.7% for ibuprofen arginate 200 and 400 mg, respectively, 61.0% and 63.0% for ibuprofen 200 and 400 mg, respectively, and 39.8% for placebo. The differences between ibuprofen arginate and ibuprofen were statistically significant (both doses, P < 0.05). Significantly greater numbers of patients achieved meaningful pain relief with ibuprofen arginate 400 mg compared with placebo from 20 minutes through 6 hours and with ibuprofen arginate 200 mg from 30 minutes through 6 hours (P < 0.05). Compared with placebo, a greater number of patients achieved meaningful pain relief with ibuprofen 400 mg from 45 minutes through 6 hours; with ibuprofen 200 mg. the corresponding interval was from I through 6 hours. After the first hour, pain reduction was similar for the similar doses of the 2 ibuprofen preparations. Median remedication times with both doses of ibuprofen arginate were similar to those with both doses of ibuprofen, ranging from 4.0 to 5.2 hours. Adverse-event profiles were similar between the 2 active medications.

CONCLUSIONS:

Ibuprofen arginate was effective in this population of patients experiencing moderate to severe pain after surgical extraction of > or = 1 impacted third molar, with 16 to 24 minutes' faster time to meaningful pain relief than with ibuprofen. The 2 formulations had similar tolerability profiles.

PMID:
12182253
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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