Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Neurology. 2002 Aug 13;59(3):306-13.

The neurogenetics of mucolipidosis type IV.

Author information

1
Developmental and Metabolic Neurology Branch, National Institute of Neurologic Disorders and Stroke/NIH, 9000 Rockville Pike, Building 10, Rm. 3D03, Bethesda, MD 20892-1260, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Mucolipidosis type IV (MLIV) is an autosomal recessive disease caused by mutations in the MCOLN1 gene that codes for mucolipin, a member of the transient receptor potential (TRP) gene family.

OBJECTIVE:

To comprehensively characterize the clinical and genetic abnormalities of MLIV.

METHODS:

Twenty-eight patients with MLIV, aged 2 to 25 years, were studied. Ten returned for follow-up every 1 to 2 years for up to 5 years. Standard clinical, neuroimaging, neurophysiologic, and genetic techniques were used.

RESULTS:

All patients had varying degrees of corneal clouding, with progressive optic atrophy and retinal dystrophy. Twenty-three patients had severe motor and mental impairment. Motor function deteriorated in three patients and remained stable in the rest. All had a constitutive achlorhydria with elevated plasma gastrin level, and 12 had iron deficiency or anemia. Head MRI showed consistent characteristic findings of a thin corpus callosum and remained unchanged during the follow-up period. Prominent abnormalities of speech, hand usage, and swallowing were also noted. Mutations in the MCOLN1 gene were present in all patients. Correlation of the genotype with the neurologic handicap and corpus callosum dysplasia was found.

CONCLUSIONS:

MLIV is both a developmental and a degenerative disorder. The presentation as a cerebral palsy-like encephalopathy may delay diagnosis.

PMID:
12182165
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Support Center