Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2002 Sep;283(3):H908-16.

Spatial velocity profile in mouse embryonic aorta and Doppler-derived volumetric flow: a preliminary model.

Author information

  • 1Pediatric Cardiology Program, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York 10016, USA.


Characterizing embryonic circulatory physiology requires accurate cardiac output and flow data. Despite recent applications of high-frequency ultrasound Doppler to the study of embryonic circulation, current Doppler analysis of volumetric flow is relatively crude. To improve Doppler derivation of volumetric flow, we sought a preliminary model of the spatial velocity profile in the mouse embryonic dorsal aorta using ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM)-Doppler data. Embryonic hematocrit is 0.05-0.10 so rheologic properties must be insignificant. Low Reynolds numbers (<500) and Womersley parameters (<0.76) suggest laminar flow. UBM demonstrated a circular dorsal aortic cross section with no significant tapering. Low Dean numbers (<100) suggest the presence of minimal skewing of the spatial velocity profile. The inlet length allows for fully developed flow. There is no apparent aortic wall pulsatility. Extrapolation of prior studies to these vessel diameters (300-350 microm) and flow velocities (~50-200 mm/s) suggests parabolic spatial velocity profiles. Therefore, mouse embryonic dorsal aortic blood flow may correspond to Poiseuille flow in a straight rigid tube with parabolic spatial velocity profiles. As a first approximation, these results are an important step toward precise in utero ultrasound characterization of blood flow within the developing mammalian circulation.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Support Center