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Epilepsia. 2002 Aug;43(8):836-46.

Optimizing parameters for terminating cortical afterdischarges with pulse stimulation.

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Department of Neurology, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.A.

Erratum in

  • Epilepsia 2002 Nov;43(11):1441.



We previously reported that brief pulses of electrical stimulation (BPSs) can terminate afterdischarges (ADs) during cortical stimulation. We investigated conditions under which BPS is more likely to suppress ADs.


We analyzed parameters altering BPS effectiveness on 200 ADs in seven patients with implanted subdural electrodes.


The odds of BPSs stopping ADs was 8.6 times greater at primary sites (directly stimulated electrodes) than at secondary sites (adjacent electrodes) (p = 0.016). BPS applied within 4.5 s after onset of AD had 2 times greater odds of stopping ADs (p = 0.014). BPS applied when AD voltage was negative was 1.9 times more likely to stop ADs (p = 0.012). ADs with rhythmic pattern responded best (p < 0.0001). BPS stopped 100% of ADs not starting immediately after localization stimulus (LS) versus 29% of those starting immediately (p < 0.0001).


BPS is more likely to terminate ADs at primary electrodes, if given early, if applied to the negative peak of the AD waveform, if AD has a rhythmic pattern, and if AD did not start immediately after LS.

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