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Pharm Res. 2002 Jul;19(7):1038-45.

Differential modulation of P-glycoprotein expression and activity by non-nucleoside HIV-1 reverse transcriptase inhibitors in cell culture.

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Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutic Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts 02111, USA.



This study investigated the effects of the non-nucleoside HIV-1 reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTI) nevirapine (NVR), efavirenz (EFV), and delavirdine (DLV) on P-glycoprotein (P-gp) activity and expression to anticipate P-gp related drug-drug interactions associated with combination therapy.


NNRTIs were evaluated as P-gp substrates by measuring differential transport across Caco-2 cell monolayers. Inhibition of P-gp mediated rhodaminel23 (Rh123) transport in Caco-2 cells was used to assess P-gp inhibition by NNRTIs. Induction of P-gp expression and activity in LS180V cells following 3-day exposure to NNRTIs was measured by western blot analysis and cellular Rh123 uptake, respectively.


The NNRTIs showed no differential transport between the basolateral to apical and apical to basolateral direction. NNRTI transport in either direction was not affected by the P-gp inhibitor verapamil. DLV inhibited Rh123 transport, causing a reduction to 15% of control at 100 microM (IC50 = 30 microM). NVR caused a concentration-dependent induction of P-gp expression in LS180V cells resulting in a 3.5-fold increase in immunoreactive P-gp at 100 microM NVR. Induction attributable to EFV and DLV was quantitatively smaller. NVR significantly reduced cellular uptake of Rh123 into LS180V cells, indicating increased drug efflux due to induced P-gp activity; effects of EFV and DLV were smaller. Acute DLV treatment of LS180V cells previously induced with NVR or ritonavir did not reverse the decreased Rh123 cell accumulation.


NNRTIs show differential effects on P-gp activity and expression in vitro. Clinical studies are required to elucidate the clinical importance of potential drug interactions.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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