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Med Oncol. 2002;19(2):87-104.

Expression of MDR1/P-glycoprotein, the multidrug resistance protein MRP, and the lung-resistance protein LRP in multiple myeloma.

Author information

1
Department C on Internal Medicine, Kantonsspital St Gallen, Switzerland. schwarzenbach@ihf.de

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of three genes associated with multidrug resistance (MDR) in multiple myeloma in relation to treatment status. MDR1/Pgp (P-glycoprotein) expression was detected in 41% of 93 myeloma samples. Generally, the incidence of MDR1/Pgp expression was higher in pretreated samples, and treatments with doxorubicin and/or vincristine were more effective in MDR1/Pgp expression than with alkylating agents. A significant association was observed between MDR1 /Pgp-positiveness and the ability of verapmil to increase doxorubicin sensitivity, suggesting functional relevance of MDR1/Pgp expression. MRP (multidrug resistance protein) expression was detected in 20.5% of 88 myeloma samples, in 26% at the mRNA level analyzed by quantitative reverse transriptase-polymerase chain reaction, and in only 3 of 79 samples by immunohistochemistry. LRP (lung-resistance protein) protein expression was observed in 12.5% of 72 myeloma samples. MRP and LRP expression was similar in samples with and without prior therapy. Approximately 80% of the myeloma samples with detectable mRNA expression of MDRI and MRP exhibited low expression levels corresponding to < 10% of the Pgp- and MRP-overexpressing multidrug-resistant human myeloma cell lines 8226/Dox6 and 8226/DOXint40c, respectively. Some normal bone marrow samples showed higher levels of MRP mRNA as compared to myeloma specimens, whereas MDRI mRNA expression in normal bone marrow was much lower (< or = 5%) than that in 8226/Dox6. These findings indicate a requirement to develop single-cell assays for MRP detection in multiple myeloma that are more sensitive than immunohistochemistry and might be useful to evaluate the incidence of genes associated with MDR.

PMID:
12180485
DOI:
10.1385/MO:19:2:87
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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