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J Prev Soc Med. 1999 Jun;18(1):66-73.

A review of reproductive health situation in Bangladesh.



Reproductive health (RH) is defined as all health events related to reproduction in the life cycle. Its components include family planning, postabortion care, safe pregnancy and safe motherhood, reproductive tract infections, sexually transmitted diseases, HIV/AIDS, RH services for adolescents, maternal and infant nutrition, cancer of the reproductive tract, infertility, female genital mutilation, and gender-based violence. This paper presents a review of the prevailing RH situation in Bangladesh. Despite improvements in some aspects of health, the RH situation in Bangladesh still remains unsatisfactory. This situation is reflected in the unacceptably high rates of maternal and child mortality and morbidity in the country. Although significant success has been achieved in the decline of fertility and increase in contraceptive prevalence rate, the population growth rate is still high. Adolescent RH is also becoming an important issue. Added to the high rates of premarital and extramarital sex among male and female adolescents are concerns related to early marriage and teenage pregnancy. While the HIV/AIDS situation remains under control, there exists a potential threat of spreading the fatal disease rapidly. The government of Bangladesh has officially adopted the International Conference on Population and Development definition of RH and developed a comprehensive plan of action in light of the recommendations of the conference. The policies and programs of the government of Bangladesh addressing RH issues are discussed.

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