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People Count. 1992 Feb;2(1):1-3.

Philippine laws and policies on the status of women.



A comparative ranking (0-20) of women's status is given for the Philippines and 50 other developed and developing countries on health, education, marriage and children, employment, and social equality. The Philippines is given a rank score of 15.5 on women's health, which places it behind 29 other countries. The score for education was 14.0 for the Philippines, which ties the Philippines with Austria. Marriage and children scores were 14.5 for the Philippines, which places the country lower than 30 other countries. Women's employment scores for the Philippines were 7.5, with the highest score being 14.5 in Sweden. 18 other countries had the same or higher scores. The Philippines had the same score as Japan, Italy, France, and Austria. The Filipino social equality score was 12.5, which was the same score as Japan, Israel, Hong Kong, China, and Benin. 25 countries had the same or higher scores. Women's status is defined as the degree of women's access to and control over material resources and to social resources within the family, the community, and in society at large. Women's status in the Philippines was equitable during the precolonial period and declined under Spanish colonization. The US regime was paternalistic and protective. In 1949 women were again allowed to own property. In 1973 women rights were expanded to include full employment and opportunities. The Philippines endorses completely the UN conventions on the status of women, including special measures to speed up the process of eliminating discrimination against women. A summary is given of various policies and laws in the Philippines pertaining to equality within marriage, family formation, divorce/separation, employment, education, and property ownership.

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