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Familia. 1987 Jan-Jun;3(3):13-8.

[Adolescent fertility. 1. Pregnancy and childbirth].

[Article in Spanish]

Abstract

PIP:

Women aged 15-19 represent a high proportion of the female population of the Dominican Republic, and their rate of consensual unions of 24.6% leads to high rates of adolescent pregnancy. A retrospective study was made of the records of 600 adolescent pregnancies followed between 1975- 80 at a maternity hospital in Santo Domingo. The adolescents were classified into 3 age groups. Group 1 included 27 adolescents aged 12- 14, group 2 included 305 aged 15-17, and group 3 included 268 aged 18- 19. 3 adolescents in group 1, 64 in group 2, and 108 in group 3 had already had a child, while 10 in group 2 and 38 in group 3 had 2 previous children. 7 in group 3 had 3 or more children. 1 mother in group 1, 7 in group 2, and 12 in group 3 had a history of cesarean section. 331 of the 600 had no form of prenatal care. 202 had 1-4 prenatal visits and 67 had 5 or more. Among the 331 adolescents with no prenatal care, there were 92 cases of threatened premature delivery, 30 of slight and 31 of moderate to severe toxemia, and 7 of eclampsia. Among the 269 patients with prenatal care, there were 19 cases of slight and 2 of moderate toxemia during pregnancy. On admission to the hospital, there were 58 cases of threatened premature deliver, 23 of slight and 14 of moderate to severe toxemia, and 14 of premature rupture of membranes. Among the total group of 600 adolescents, 25% had threatened premature delivery, 8.8% had slight and 7.5% had moderate to severe toxemia, 1.1% had eclampsia, 4.2% had premature rupture of membranes, 1.3% had abortions, and .5% had syphilis. 428 deliveries occurred at 38-40 weeks. There were 57 caesareans and 8 abortions. 214 newborns had Apgar scores of under 7 points. There were 15 fetal deaths in utero, 28 hemorrhages during delivery, and 3 cases of retention of the placenta. There were 3 maternal deaths due to sepsis. It is apparent that adolescent pregnancy entails a high degree of risk.

PMID:
12178196
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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