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BJU Int. 2002 Sep;90(4):415-9.

Cadaveric fascia lata pubovaginal slings: early results on safety, efficacy and patient satisfaction.

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1
Department of Urology, University of California, Davis, Sacramento, CA, USA. chwalshian@talk21.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To prospectively evaluate and quantify the efficacy of cadaveric fascia lata (CFL) as an allograft material in pubovaginal sling placement to treat stress urinary incontinence (SUI).

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Thirty-one women with SUI (25 type II and six type III; mean age 63 years, range 40-75) had a CFL pubovaginal sling placed transvaginally. The operative time, blood loss, surgical complications and mean hospital stay were all documented. Before and at 4 months and 1 year after surgery each patient completed a 3-day voiding diary and validated voiding questionnaires (functional inquiry into voiding habits, Urogenital Distress Inventory and Incontinence Impact Questionnaire, including visual analogue scales).

RESULTS:

The mean (range) operative time was 71 (50-120) min, blood loss 78.7 (20-250) mL and hospital stay 1.2 (1-2) days; there were no surgical complications. Over the mean follow-up of 13.5 months, complete resolution of SUI was reported by 29 (93%) patients. Overactive bladder symptoms were present in 23 (74%) patients before surgery, 21 (68%) at 4 months and two (6%) at 1 year; 80% of patients with low (< 15 cmH2O) voiding pressures before surgery required self-catheterization afterward, as did 36% at 4 months, but only one (3%) at 1 year. Twenty-four (77%) patients needed to adopt specific postures to facilitate voiding. After surgery there was a significant reduction in daytime frequency, leakage episodes and pad use (P < 0.05). The severity of leak and storage symptoms was also significantly less (P < 0.002), whilst the severity of obstructive symptoms remained unchanged. Mean subjective levels of improvement were 69% at 4 months and 85% at 1 year, with corresponding objective satisfaction levels of 61% and 69%, respectively. At 1 year, approximately 80% of the patients said they would undergo the procedure again and/or recommend it to a friend.

CONCLUSION:

Placing a pubovaginal sling of CFL allograft is a highly effective, safe surgical approach for resolving SUI, with a short operative time and rapid recovery. Storage symptoms are significantly improved, and subjective improvement and satisfaction rates are high.

PMID:
12175399
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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