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Int J Colorectal Dis. 2002 Sep;17(5):303-10. Epub 2002 Apr 16.

Increased expression of interleukin-12 receptor beta(2) on lamina propria mononuclear cells of patients with active Crohn's disease.

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1
Department of Internal Medicine II, Saarland University, 66421 Homburg, Germany. inasta@uniklinik-saarland.de

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIMS:

Since interleukin-12 is pathogenetically involved in Crohn's disease (CD) but not in ulcerative colitis (UC), expression and mechanisms of induction of interleukin-12 receptor (IL-12R) subunits beta(1) and beta(2) were analyzed in lamina propria mononuclear cells (LPMNC) of patients with CD and UC.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

LPMNC from patients with CD ( n=17), UC ( n=14), and controls ( n=19) were isolated by standard techniques. IL-12R beta(1) and IL-12R beta(2) transcripts were semiquantified by RT-PCR, and expression of IL-12R beta(2) chain was characterized by flow cytometry. LPMNC were activated by cross-linking with anti-CD3 antibodies and B7-1 costimulation.

RESULTS:

IL-12R beta(1) and IL-12R beta(2) transcript concentrations were higher in inflamed specimens than in noninflamed segments of patients with CD but not in UC. Increased percentage of mucosal CD4(+)/IL-12R beta(2)(+) cells was observed in active CD, but not UC. In vitro stimulation of LPMNC with anti-CD3 antibodies resulted in an increase in IL-12R beta(1) transcripts irrespective of B7-1 mediated costimulation (84% and 95%, respectively). However, increased expression of IL-12R beta(2) mRNA (110%) was detected only after B7-1 costimulation.

CONCLUSION:

Our data indicate that increased mucosal expression of IL-12R beta(2) on LPMNC in CD but not in UC may be the result of B7-1 costimulation. Modulation or inhibition of IL-12R beta(2) expression on LPMNC could provide a selective therapeutic approach in CD.

PMID:
12172923
DOI:
10.1007/s00384-002-0393-8
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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