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Eur J Appl Physiol. 2002 Aug;87(4-5):424-32. Epub 2002 Jun 15.

Effects of prior heavy exercise, prior sprint exercise and passive warming on oxygen uptake kinetics during heavy exercise in humans.

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Chelsea School Research Centre, University of Brighton, Gaudick Road, Eastbourne, East Sussex, BN20 7SP, UK.


Prior heavy exercise (above the lactate threshold, Th(la)) increases the amplitude of the primary oxygen uptake (VVO(2)) response and reduces the amplitude of the VO(2) slow component during subsequent heavy exercise. The purpose of this study was to determine whether these effects required the prior performance of an identical bout of heavy exercise, or if prior short-duration sprint exercise could cause similar effects. A secondary purpose of this study was to determine the effect of elevating muscle temperature (through passive warming) on VO(2) kinetics during heavy exercise. Nine male subjects performed a 6-min bout of heavy exercise on a cycle ergometer 6 min after: (1) an identical bout of heavy exercise; (2) a 30-s bout of maximal sprint cycling; (3) a 40-min period of leg warming in a hot water bath at 42 degrees C. Prior sprint exercise elevated blood [lactate] prior to the onset of heavy exercise (by aproximately 5.6 mM) with only a minor increase in muscle temperature (of approximately 0.7 degrees C). In contrast, prior warming had no effect on baseline blood lactate concentration, but elevated muscle temperature by approximately 2.6 degrees C. Both prior heavy exercise and prior sprint exercise significantly increased the absolute primary VO(2) amplitude (by approximately 230 ml x min(-1) and 260 ml x min(-1), respectively) and reduced the amplitude of the VO(2) slow component (by approximately 280 ml x min(-1) and 200 ml x min(-1), respectively) during heavy exercise, whereas prior warming had no significant effect on the VO(2) response. We conclude that the VO(2) response to heavy exercise can be markedly altered by both sustained heavy-intensity submaximal exercise and by short-duration sprint exercise that induces a residual acidosis. In contrast, passive warming elevated muscle temperature but had no effect on the VO(2) response.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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