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Cell Tissue Res. 2002 Aug;309(2):313-22. Epub 2002 Jul 5.

Correlation between expression of selectins and migration of eosinophils into the bovine ovary during the periovulatory period.

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1
Institute of Anatomy, University of Leipzig, Liebigstr. 13, Leipzig 04103, Leipzig, Germany.

Abstract

Leukocytes enter specific ovarian areas at a precisely defined moment, influencing cyclically changing structures such as follicles and corpora lutea. As yet, no studies have been published on the trafficking mechanisms involving the interaction between adhesion molecules on endothelial cells (ECs) and those on leukocytes. First, antibodies against human adhesion molecules were examined by flow cytometry with the aim of identifying the same bovine antigen. Western blot analysis and immunoprecipitation revealed that the molecules had the same molecular weight as their human counterparts. Afterwards, we investigated the distribution of these antigens in various ovarian stages using immunohistology. Among the molecules, P-selectin (CD62P) and L-selectin (CD62L) showed stage-dependent expression, and were thus examined further. In the preovulatory follicle, microvascular ECs were negative for CD62P. Few of the leukocytes expressed CD62L. In a freshly ruptured follicle, CD62P expression was found in the dilated vessels of the former thecal layer. Simultaneously, a large proportion of the rapidly increased numbers of leukocytes, mainly eosinophils, located around the microvessels of the outer thecal layer expressed CD62L. In the early corpus luteum development stage, CD62L showed peak expression with 70%-80% positive cells compared to leukocytes. In the secretory stage, the septal venules showed a consistent, but now weak, staining for CD62P. Few leukocytes expressed CD62L. During regression, the total number of leukocytes, now representing macrophages, increased significantly, but the proportion of CD62L-positive cells remained constant. In summary, we found a strong correlation of CD62P expression on activated ECs and the appearance of CD62L-positive leukocytes in the early corpus luteum development stage, suggesting the participation of both selectins in the migration of eosinophils under physiological conditions.

PMID:
12172791
DOI:
10.1007/s00441-002-0602-3
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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