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Nat Med. 2002 Sep;8(9):1018-23. Epub 2002 Aug 12.

Multi-pronged inhibition of airway hyper-responsiveness and inflammation by lipoxin A(4).

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  • 1Center for Experimental Therapeutics and Reperfusion Injury, Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.


The prevalence of asthma continues to increase and its optimal treatment remains a challenge. Here, we investigated the actions of lipoxin A(4) (LXA(4)) and its leukocyte receptor in pulmonary inflammation using a murine model of asthma. Allergen challenge initiated airway biosynthesis of LXA(4) and increased expression of its receptor. Administration of a stable analog of LXA(4) blocked both airway hyper-responsiveness and pulmonary inflammation, as shown by decreased leukocytes and mediators, including interleukin-5, interleukin-13, eotaxin, prostanoids and cysteinyl leukotrienes. Moreover, transgenic expression of human LXA(4) receptors in murine leukocytes led to significant inhibition of pulmonary inflammation and eicosanoid-initiated eosinophil tissue infiltration. Inhibition of airway hyper-responsiveness and allergic airway inflammation with a stable LXA(4) analog highlights a unique counter-regulatory profile for the LXA(4) system and its leukocyte receptor in airway responses. Moreover, our findings suggest that lipoxin and related pathways offer novel multi-pronged therapeutic approaches for human asthma.

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