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Gut. 2002 Sep;51(3):440-5.

In vivo gene transfer of endothelial nitric oxide synthase decreases portal pressure in anaesthetised carbon tetrachloride cirrhotic rats.

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1
Laboratory of Hepatology, University Hospital Gasthuisberg, Leuven, B-3000 Leuven, Belgium.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Portal hypertension in cirrhosis results from enhanced intrahepatic resistance to an augmented inflow. The former is partly due to an imbalance between intrahepatic vasoconstriction and vasodilatation. Enhanced endothelin-1 and decreased activity of hepatic constitutive endothelial nitric oxide synthase (NOS 3) was reported in carbon tetrachloride (CCl(4)) cirrhotic rat liver.

AIMS:

To study whether an increase in hepatic NOS 3 could be obtained in the CCl(4) cirrhotic rat liver by in vivo cDNA transfer and to investigate a possible effect on portal pressure.

METHODS:

Hepatic NOS 3 immunohistochemistry and western blotting were used to measure the amount of NOS 3 protein. Recombinant adenovirus, carrying cDNA encoding human NOS 3, was injected into the portal vein of CCl(4) cirrhotic rats. Cirrhotic controls received carrier buffer, naked adenovirus, or adenovirus carrying the lac Z gene.

RESULTS:

NOS 3 immunoreactivity and amount of protein (western blotting) were significantly decreased in CCl(4) cirrhotic livers. Following cDNA transfer, NOS 3 expression and the amount of protein were partially restored. Portal pressure was 11.4 (1.6) mm Hg in untreated cirrhotic (n=9) and 11.8 (0.6) in lac Z transfected (n=4) cirrhotic rats but was reduced to 7.8 (1.0) mm Hg (n=9) five days after NOS 3 cDNA transfer. No changes were observed in systemic haemodynamics, in liver tests or urinary nitrates, or in NOS 3 expression in lung or kidney, indicating a highly selective transfer.

CONCLUSIONS:

NOS 3 cDNA transfer to cirrhotic rat liver is feasible and the increase in hepatic NOS 3 leads to a marked decrease in portal hypertension without systemic effects. These data indicate a major haemodynamic role of intrahepatic NOS 3 in the pathogenesis of portal hypertension in CCl(4) cirrhosis.

PMID:
12171971
PMCID:
PMC1773350
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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