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Hematol Oncol Clin North Am. 2002 Jun;16(3):557-77, viii.

Managing dyspnea and cough.

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Palliative Care Medicine Program, Queen's University, Room 2025, Etherington Hall, 94 Stuart Street, Kingston, Ontario, Canada K7L 3N6.


Dyspnea, like pain, is a subjective experience that incorporates physical elements and affective components. Management of breathlessness in patients with cancer requires expertise that includes an understanding and assessment of the multidimensional components of the symptom, knowledge of the pathophysiologic mechanisms and clinical syndromes that are common in cancer, and familiarity with the indications and limitations of the available therapeutic approaches. Relief of breathlessness should be the goal of treatment at all stages of cancer. Good control of dyspnea will improve the patient's quality of life.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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