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Ann Diagn Pathol. 2002 Aug;6(4):211-5.

Blastomycosis and pregnancy.

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Department of Pathology, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, USA.


Blastomycosis is an exceedingly uncommon complication of pregnancy, rarely encountered by the practicing obstetrician. However, recognizing its presence during pregnancy and expeditiously initiating appropriate therapy is of critical importance to the mother and fetus. Mississippi has the highest prevalence of blastomycosis in North America. Nevertheless, there have been only three pregnancies complicated by this fungal disease at the University of Mississippi Medical Center (Jackson, MS) during two decades. During the same time frame there were another 120 blastomycotic patients treated at the University of Mississippi Medical Center. As a condition of partial immunodepression, a nonobligatory opportunistic fungal disease like blastomycosis can complicate pregnancy. From data on our three patients and 16 other published cases, it seems that fetal risk exceeds maternal risk. There were a total of 20 babies born from mothers with blastomycosis. Only two babies (10%) had transplacental infection and both succumbed to blastomycosis. None of the 18 affected mothers for whom data was available died of the disease. Furthermore, there was never progression in the mothers, with 14 complete cures and considerable postpartum regressions of lesions in the other four women. Even the three women who received no treatment had either noticeable improvement or total regression of the disease after delivery. One of the two stillborns with blastomycosis was born to an untreated mother.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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