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Allergy. 2002 Sep;57(9):831-4.

The association between tumor necrosis factor, HLA-DR alleles, and IgE-mediated asthma in Taiwanese adolescents.

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Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan.



Human leukocyte antigen (HLA) DR genes and the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) gene locus are associated with asthma and IgE production. TNFalpha-308G/A frequencies between Japanese and Caucasians in the UK have been found to be different. The roles of HLA-DRB1 and TNF genotypes are unknown in Taiwanese adolescents with IgE-mediated asthma (I-asthma).


From the population of a 1996 nation-wide survey, we recruited a random sample for a physical examination, determination of total serum IgE (sIgE), dust-mite-specific IgE, and HLA-DRB1, TNFalpha-308, and LTalphaNcoI polymorphisms by polymerase chain reaction.


A total of 80 I-asthmatics and 69 non-asthmatics completed the study. We suggested that I-asthmatics had a higher frequency of the DR13 gene (OR = 8.6, 95% CI = [1.6-161]). The DR13 gene was associated with high sIgE and high dust-mite-specific IgE, especially Dermatophagoides farinae. No TNF haplotype or genotype was associated with I-asthma. The DR13 gene was linked to the LTalphaNcoI*1 allele. When sIgE was adjusted by multiple logistic regression, the risk of I-asthma was much higher for the DR13(+)/LTalphaNcoI*1 haplotype (OR = 25.6, 95% CI = [2.2-1378]) than for the others.


In Taiwanese children sensitized to Der f, the DR13(+)/LTalphaNcoI*1 haplotype was associated with a much higher risk of having clinical asthma than any other DR13/LTalphaNcoI haplotype.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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