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J Immunol. 2002 Aug 15;169(4):1784-91.

CD30 expression identifies the predominant proliferating T lymphocyte population in human alloimmune responses.

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Department of Surgery and Program in Immunology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305, USA.


CD30 is an inducible member of the TNFR superfamily that is expressed on activated T and B cells and some lymphoid malignancies. We have previously shown that human CD30(+) T cells elicited with allogeneic APC are a major source of IFN-gamma and IL-5 production. In the present study we have used alloantigen, as well as anti-CD3 plus anti-CD28 mAb stimulation, to further characterize human CD30(+) T cells with respect to function and the expression of other activation-dependent cell surface molecules, including the related TNFR family members OX-40 and 4-1BB (CD137). Our results indicate that human CD30(+) T cells are a subset of activated T cells that also express CD25 and CD45RO. Moreover, we observed that allogeneic APC consistently induced a greater proportion of CD30(+) cells within the activated T cell population than did stimulation with plate-bound anti-CD3 plus anti-CD28 mAb or stimulation with soluble anti-CD3 plus anti-CD28 and autologous APC. The enhanced induction of CD30 expression by alloantigen was not common to other inducible TNFR family members because anti-CD3 plus anti-CD28 mAbs were far more effective in inducing expression of 4-1BB and OX-40. Furthermore, CD30 expression marked the predominant proliferating T cell population induced by alloantigen as determined by CFSE staining and flow cytometry. These results indicate that CD30, but not 4-1BB or OX-40, is preferentially induced by alloantigen, suggesting that CD30 may be important in human alloimmune responses.

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