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Cancer Genet Cytogenet. 2002 Jul 1;136(1):31-7.

Cell proliferation and chromosomal changes in human ameloblastoma.

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Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Institute of Dentistry, University of Turku, Lemminkäisenkatu 2, FIN-20520, Turku, Finland.


Cell proliferation and chromosomal imbalances, important parameters in relation to tumor progression, were studied in ameloblastoma (n=20), a benign odontogenic tumor of locally recurrent nature. Immunocytochemical staining with MIB-1 antibody and comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) were performed on formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded ameloblastomas. The mean follow-up time was 12.4 years. An MIB-1-index was formed by counting 5000 tumor-cell nuclei in 10-15 randomly chosen high-power fields and calculating percentages of positively stained cells. CGH involved hybridization of FITC-dUTP-labeled tumor DNA with Texas-red-labeled normal DNA. Images were digitally analyzed. The MIB-1-index (range 0-2.51) was low for all tumors. No statistically significant correlation between MIB-1 index and tendency to recurrence was found. Chromosomal aberrations were detected in 2 of 17 cases. The results suggest that formation of an MIB-1 index is not helpful in assessing future clinical behavior of an ameloblastoma and that chromosomal imbalances are uncommon.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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