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Crit Care Med. 2002 Aug;30(8):1848-53.

Repeated derecruitments accentuate lung injury during mechanical ventilation.

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Department of Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Samsung Biomedical Research Institute, Seoul, Korea.



This study was performed to test the hypothesis that derecruitment itself might accentuate lung injury during mechanical ventilation.


Randomized, controlled trial.


Experimental laboratory.


New Zealand White rabbits (2.8-3.5 kg).


Twenty-four rabbits were ventilated in pressure-controlled mode with constant tidal volume (10 mL/kg). After lung injury was induced by repeated saline lavage (PaO2 <100 torr, 13.3 kPa), a pressure-volume curve was drawn to calculate the lower inflection point (Pflex), and randomization was done. The control group (n = 8) received ventilation with positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) fixed at Pflex for 3 hrs. The nonderecruitment group (n = 8) was ventilated at PEEP of 2 mm Hg (2.7 cm H2O) for the initial hour and then PEEP of Pflex for the remaining 2 hrs. The derecruitment group (n = 8) was ventilated for 3 hrs with six 30-min cycles consisting of 10 mins at PEEP of 2 mm Hg (2.7 cm H2O) and 20 mins at PEEP of Pflex to induce repeated derecruitments.


Variables of gas exchange, mechanics, and hemodynamics were measured, and histologic evaluation was done. In the control group, Pao2 remained >500 torr (66.7 kPa) for 3 hrs. In the nonderecruitment group, PaO2 was 40 +/- 16 (mean +/- SD) torr (5.3 +/- 2.1 kPa) at 1 hr but increased to >500 torr (66.7 kPa) for the remaining 2 hrs after increase in PEEP to Pflex. In the derecruitment group, there was progressive decline in Pao2 with each derecruitment to 220 +/- 130 torr (29.3 +/- 17.3 kPa) at 3 hrs (p <.05 compared with other groups). Histologically there was more hyaline membrane formation in the derecruitment group compared with control (p <.05) and significantly higher mean bronchiolar injury score in the derecruitment group (1.92 +/- 0.78) than both control (0.50 +/- 0.50) and nonderecruitment (0.78 +/- 0.42) groups (p <.05).


Repeated derecruitments can accentuate lung injury during mechanical ventilation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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