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J Neuroimmunol. 2002 Aug;129(1-2):66-73.

Chemokine receptor CXCR2 regulates the functional properties of AMPA-type glutamate receptor GluR1 in HEK cells.

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Dipartimento di Fisiologia Umana e Farmacologia, Università di Roma, Piazzale Aldo Moro 5, I00185, Rome, Italy.


Experiments were conducted in both HEK cells and cerebellar neurons to investigate whether CXC chemokine receptor 2 (CXCR2) is functionally coupled to GluR1. The co-expression of CXCR2 with GluR1 in HEK cells increased (i) the GluR1 "apparent" affinity for the transmitter; (ii) the GluR1 channel open probability; and (iii) GluR1 binding site cooperativity upon CXCR2 stimulation with CXC chemokine ligand 2 (CXCL2). The affinity of C-terminal-deleted GluR1 for glutamate (Glu) remained stable instead. Furthermore, CXCL2 increased the binding site cooperativity of AMPA receptors in rat cerebellar granule cells; and the amplitude of spontaneous excitatory postsynaptic current (sEPSCs) in Purkinje neurons (PNs). Our findings indicate that the coupling of CXCR2 with GluR1 may modulate glutamatergic synaptic transmission.

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