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Free Radic Biol Med. 2002 Aug 15;33(4):427-32.

Anoxia/reoxygenation-induced leukocyte-endothelial cell interactions.

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First Department of Medicine, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan.


It is increasingly apparent that oxidants can play an important role in mediating specific cell responses and expression of genes involved in degenerative pathophysiologic states, such as inflammation. In particular, oxidant-induced activation of the multisubunit nuclear transcription factor, NFkappaB, has been implicated in the transcriptional upregulation of inflammatory genes like endothelial cell adhesion glycoproteins. A second emerging concept is the recognition that the oxidant effects in cellular and molecular regulation may be mediated by oxidant-induced loss of cellular oxidation-reduction (redox) balance. This review will provide an overview of our current understanding of leukocyte-endothelial cell interactions derived from in vitro studies of endothelial cell monolayers exposed to anoxia/reoxygenation, with specific emphasis on the molecular determinants mediating this inflammatory process and the contribution of reoxygenation-induced cellular redox imbalance to the activation of NFkappaB and the expression of endothelial surface adhesion molecules.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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