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Neuron. 2002 Jul 18;35(2):255-65.

Establishment of the telencephalon during gastrulation by local antagonism of Wnt signaling.

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MRC Centre for Developmental Neurobiology, New Hunt's House, King's College London, SE1 9RT, London, United Kingdom.


Cells at the anterior boundary of the neural plate (ANB) can induce telencephalic gene expression when transplanted to more posterior regions. Here, we identify a secreted Frizzled-related Wnt antagonist, Tlc, that is expressed in ANB cells and can cell nonautonomously promote telencephalic gene expression in a concentration-dependent manner. Moreover, abrogation of Tlc function compromises telencephalic development. We also identify Wnt8b as a locally acting modulator of regional fate in the anterior neural plate and a likely target for antagonism by Tlc. Finally, we show that tlc expression is regulated by signals that establish early antero-posterior and dorso-ventral ectodermal pattern. From these studies, we propose that local antagonism of Wnt activity within the anterior ectoderm is required to establish the telencephalon.

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[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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