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Toxicology. 2002 Sep 2;178(2):135-60.

Evaluation of cadmium-induced transcriptome alterations by three color cDNA labeling microarray analysis on a T-cell line.

Author information

1
University Research Institute for the Study and Treatment of Childhood Genetic and Malignant Diseases and Oncology Unit, First Department of Pediatrics, University of Athens, Aghia Sophia Childrens' Hospital, Greece. gthtsangaris@hotmail.com

Abstract

Beside heavy metals, cadmium (Cd(2+)) is a ubiquitous toxic metal with a well established apoptotic and genotoxic effect, chronic exposure of which has been involved in a variety of pathological conditions. In the present study, we investigated by 1455 genes cDNA microarrays the toxic and apoptotic effect of Cd(2+), on the T-cell line CCRF-CEM, applying a three laser differential analysis, on the same microarray slide. The cells were cultured for 6 and 24 h in the absence (control) or presence of Cd(2+) (10 or 20 microM), RNAs were extracted and the produced cDNAs were labeled with rhodamine derivatives fluorescent dyes. A microarray slide was simultaneously hybridized by the labeled cDNAs and analyzed. We found that, in relation to control, treatment of the cells for 6 h with 10 and 20 microM Cd(2+), induces up-regulation in 20 and 34 genes, respectively. Treatment for 24 h with 10 and 20 microM Cd(2+) induces up-regulation in 22 and 84 genes, respectively. Twenty-eight genes were found down-regulated only after treatment for 24 h with Cd(2+) 10 microM. These data suggest that Cd(2+) produces a time- and dose-dependent molecular cascade, induces disturbances in different subcellular compartments, influencing thereafter the normal cellular functions, the differentiation process, the malignant transformation and the cell death.

PMID:
12160620
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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