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AIDS Anal Afr. 1997 Jan;7(4):11-2.

The economic impact of HIV / AIDS in Lesotho.



Since the first reported case of AIDS in Lesotho in 1986, HIV infection and the number of AIDS cases have continued to increase exponentially such that the number of new cases reported for the first 6 months of 1996 equalled the total reported in all of 1995. The World Health Organization Lesotho therefore commissioned a study in 1993 to estimate the potential direct and indirect costs of HIV/AIDS to Lesotho during 1993-98. These direct personal medical costs, direct non-personal costs, and indirect costs are presented. HIV/AIDS in Lesotho is estimated to have a M151.2 million economic impact during 1993-98. This figure is in constant 1992 prices and includes total direct medical costs of M66.5 million, total direct non-personal costs of M48.5 million, and total indirect costs of M36.2 million. The total economic cost of AIDS in 1993 was M10.9 million, 9.7% of the total health budget and 0.6% of gross domestic product. The average direct medical cost per HIV/AIDS patient in 1993 was M6210, while the total value of foregone productivity is M25,549. Therefore, for every HIV infection prevented today, a loss to the economy of M31,759 is averted. With the rapid spread of HIV throughout Lesotho, the cost of the pandemic will surely keep increasing.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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