Send to

Choose Destination
Nat Immunol. 2002 Sep;3(9):822-9. Epub 2002 Aug 5.

DCs induce CD40-independent immunoglobulin class switching through BLyS and APRIL.

Author information

Division of Molecular Immunology, Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Joan and Sanford I. Weill Medical College of Cornell University, 1300 York Avenue, New York, NY 10021, USA.


Immunoglobulin (Ig) class-switch DNA recombination (CSR) is thought to be highly dependent upon engagement of CD40 on B cells by CD40 ligand on T cells. We show here that dendritic cells up-regulate BLyS and APRIL upon exposure to interferon-alpha, interferon-gamma or CD40 ligand. In the presence of interleukin 10 (IL-10) or transforming growth factor-beta, BLyS and APRIL induce CSR from C(mu) to C(gamma) and/or C(alpha) genes in B cells, whereas CSR to C(epsilon) requires IL-4. Secretion of class-switched antibodies requires additional stimulation by B cell antigen receptor engagement and IL-15. By eliciting CD40-independent Ig class switching and plasmacytoid differentiation, BLyS and APRIL critically link the innate and adaptive immune responses.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Nature Publishing Group Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center