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Biotechnol Prog. 2002 Jul-Aug;18(4):874-8.

Inhibition of human cell apoptosis by silkworm hemolymph.

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School of Chemical Engineering and Institute of Chemical Processes, Seoul National University, Kwanak-Gu Shilim-Dong San 56-1, Seoul 151-744, Korea.


Many studies on preventing apoptosis have been carried out from the viewpoint of anti-apoptotic cloned-gene expressions inside cells, whereas in this study, we investigated the inhibition of apoptosis by the addition of silkworm hemolymph, a natural compound, from outside of the cells. In a previous study, we reported the inhibition effect of silkworm hemolymph on the baculovirus-induced insect cell apoptosis. Using the vaccinia virus-HeLa cell system as a model system in this study, we found that silkworm hemolymph, the insect serum, inhibits apoptosis not only in the insect cell system but also in the human cell system. The vaccinia virus-induced HeLa cell apoptosis was analyzed using DNA electrophoresis, TUNEL, and flow cytometry, and the resulting data confirmed that silkworm hemolymph inhibits human cell apoptosis. The inhibition of apoptosis due to silkworm hemolymph was not caused by an inhibition of virus binding and internalization steps, nor did silkworm hemolymph interfere with the virus production. The inhibition of apoptosis by silkworm hemolymph decreased the cell detachment from an adhering surface. With these characteristics, silkworm hemolymph can be effectively used to minimize cell death in commercial animal cell culture.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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