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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2002 Jul 12;295(2):249-54.

Altered gene expressions involved in energy expenditure in 5-HT(2C) receptor mutant mice.

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Department of Psychiatry and Center for Neurobiology and Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA.


Mice with a targeted null mutation of the serotonin 5-HT(2C) receptor gene exhibit hyperphagia that leads to a late-onset obesity. Here we show that oxygen consumption was decreased in fed and fasted obese mutants. No phenotypic differences were observed in uncoupling protein-1 (UCP-1) mRNA levels in brown adipose tissues and UCP-3 mRNA in skeletal muscle. UCP-2 mRNA levels were significantly increased in white adipose tissue (4-fold) and skeletal muscle (47%) in older obese mutant mice, whereas UCP-2 mRNA in liver are significantly increased in both young lean (54% increase) and older obese (52% increase) mutant mice. In contrast, 5-HT(2C) receptor mutants displayed age-dependent decreases in beta 3-adrenergic receptor (beta 3-AR) mRNA levels in white adipose tissue, however, no such changes were observed in brown adipose tissue. These results indicate that a mutation of 5-HT(2C) receptor gene leads to a secondary decrease in beta 3-AR gene expression that is related to enhanced adiposity.

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