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Mol Cell. 2002 Jul;10(1):207-13.

Yeast origins establish a strand bias for replicational mutagenesis.

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Laboratory of Molecular Genetics, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709, USA.


To determine whether replicational mutagenesis in the yeast genome is influenced by the positions of active origins, a reporter gene was placed in two orientations at multiple locations within a 39,000 bp region of chromosome III possessing two strong origins. The frequency of mutations resulting from misincorporation of adenine opposite 8-hydroxyguanine in one strand and 6-hydroxylaminopurine opposite cytosine in the other strand differed by 3- to 10-fold, depending on the gene orientation and its distance from the origins. The observed patterns indicate that active origins establish a strand bias for mutations that is maintained over thousands of base pairs and results from lower nucleotide selectivity and/or less efficient proofreading or mismatch repair during leading strand DNA replication.

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