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Mol Cell. 2002 Jul;10(1):81-91.

Gene silencing quantitatively controls the function of a developmental trans-activator.

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1
Abramson Family Cancer Research Institute and Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 19104, USA.

Abstract

How a single cell gives rise to progeny with differing fates remains poorly understood. We examined cells lacking methyl CpG binding domain protein-2 (MBD2), a molecule that has been proposed to link DNA methylation to silent chromatin. Helper T cells from Mbd2(-/-) mice exhibit disordered differentiation. IL-4, the signature of a restricted set of progeny, is expressed ectopically in Mbd2(-/-) parent and daughter cells. Loss of MBD2-mediated silencing renders the normally essential activator, Gata-3, dispensable for IL-4 induction. Gata-3 and MBD2 act in competition, wherein each factor independently, and quantitatively, regulates the binary choice of whether heritable IL-4 expression is established. Gata-3 functions, in part, to displace MBD2 from methylated DNA. These results suggest that activating and silencing signals integrate to provide spatially and temporally restricted patterns of gene activity.

PMID:
12150909
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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