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Immunity. 2002 Jul;17(1):31-40.

Initiation of NALT organogenesis is independent of the IL-7R, LTbetaR, and NIK signaling pathways but requires the Id2 gene and CD3(-)CD4(+)CD45(+) cells.

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Department of Mucosal Immunology, Research Institute for Microbial Diseases, Osaka University, Suita, Japan.


Initiation of nasopharyngeal-associated lymphoid tissue (NALT) development is independent of the programmed cytokine cascade necessary for the formation of Peyer's patches (PP) and peripheral lymph nodes (PLN), a cytokine cascade which consists of IL-7R, LTalpha1beta2/LTbetaR, and NIK. However, the subsequent organization of NALT seems to be controlled by these cytokine signaling cascades since the maturation of NALT structure is generally incomplete in those cytokine cascade-deficient mice. NALT as well as PP and PLN are completely absent in Id2(-/-) mice. NALT organogenesis is initiated following the adoptive transfer of CD3(-)CD4(+)CD45(+) cells into Id2(-/-) mice, constituting direct evidence that CD3(-)CD4(+)CD45(+) inducer cells can provide an IL-7R-, LTalpha1beta2/LTbetaR-, and NIK-independent tissue organogenesis pathway for secondary lymphoid tissue development.

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