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J Gen Physiol. 2002 Aug;120(2):133-45.

Na self inhibition of human epithelial Na channel: temperature dependence and effect of extracellular proteases.

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1
Institut de Pharmacologie et de Toxicologie, CH-1005 Lausanne, Switzerland.

Abstract

The regulation of the open probability of the epithelial Na(+) channel (ENaC) by the extracellular concentration of Na(+), a phenomenon called "Na(+) self inhibition," has been well described in several natural tight epithelia, but its molecular mechanism is not known. We have studied the kinetics of Na(+) self inhibition on human ENaC expressed in Xenopus oocytes. Rapid removal of amiloride or rapid increase in the extracellular Na(+) concentration from 1 to 100 mM resulted in a peak inward current followed by a decline to a lower quasi-steady-state current. The rate of current decline and the steady-state level were temperature dependent and the current transient could be well explained by a two-state (active-inactive) model with a weakly temperature-dependent (Q(10)act = 1.5) activation rate and a strongly temperature-dependant (Q(10)inact = 8.0) inactivation rate. The steep temperature dependence of the inactivation rate resulted in the paradoxical decrease in the steady-state amiloride-sensitive current at high temperature. Na(+) self inhibition depended only on the extracellular Na(+) concentration but not on the amplitude of the inward current, and it was observed as a decrease of the conductance at the reversal potential for Na(+) as well as a reduction of Na(+) outward current. Self inhibition could be prevented by exposure to extracellular protease, a treatment known to activate ENaC or by treatment with p-CMB. After protease treatment, the amiloride-sensitive current displayed the expected increase with rising temperature. These results indicate that Na(+) self inhibition is an intrinsic property of sodium channels resulting from the expression of the alpha, beta, and gamma subunits of human ENaC in Xenopus oocyte. The extracellular Na(+)-dependent inactivation has a large energy of activation and can be abolished by treatment with extracellular proteases.

PMID:
12149276
PMCID:
PMC2234458
DOI:
10.1085/jgp.20028612
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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