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Curr Urol Rep. 2002 Aug;3(4):307-12.

Theories of prostatitis etiology.

Author information

1
Department of Urology, Temple University Hospital, 3401 North Broad Street, Philadelphia, PA 19140, USA. karlovsky@rcn.com

Abstract

Prostatitis reflects a broad spectrum of prostatic infections, both acute and chronic. Chronic prostatitis, known as National Institutes of Health category III or chronic pelvic pain syndrome, broadly defines a disease that is still poorly understood, and as a consequence, difficult to treat. Typical symptoms include pelvic pain and voiding dysfunction. Infection is often cited as the cause of this condition, despite frequent negative cultures. A close look at the local prostatic microenvironment may yield clues. The role of inflammatory mediators and what stimulates them can point to potential sites of prevention. A genetic link or relationship to other diseases may prove to be part of the cause. Furthermore, a neurologic source, whether anatomic or psychologic, has been strongly debated. Ultimately, it may become clear that chronic prostatitis represents the final common result of a disease that originates from a cascade of multiple stimuli.

PMID:
12149162
DOI:
10.1007/s11934-002-0055-y
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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