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Int Immunol. 2002 Aug;14(8):893-904.

Partial restoration of B cell development in Jak-3(-/-) mice achieved by co-expression of IgH and E(mu)-myc transgenes.

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Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA.


Jak-3 is a non-receptor tyrosine kinase that plays an important role in coordinating signals received through a wide range of cytokine receptors, including the IL-7 receptor (IL-7R). Jak-3-deficient mice have a profound block in B cell development at the pro-to-pre-B cell transition and have very few peripheral B cells. This block has been postulated to reflect the inability of Jak-3(-/-) pro-B cells to respond to IL-7. Here we demonstrate that B cell development can be partially restored in Jak-3-deficient mice when they are bred to mice carrying both a rearranged Ig heavy chain (IgH/Igmu) transgene and a c-myc transgene expressed in the B cell lineage. Jak-3(-/-) mice expressing both of these transgenes exhibit significant increases in the number of B cells in the bone marrow and, to a lesser extent, in the spleen. However, very few rescued B cells were detectable in mice greater than 4 months of age. To determine whether resident hyperactivated Jak-3(-/-) peripheral T cells are responsible for the elimination of the rescued B cells in older mice, we bred IgH transgenic (Igmu Tg)/myc Tg/Jak-3(-/-) mice to T cell-deficient (TCRalpha(-/-)) mice. Data from these experiments suggest that the paucity of B cells in older Jak-3(-/-) mice is largely attributable to the lack of Jak-3 in the B cells themselves. Thus, Jak-3 seems to play several important roles in B cells: during development, to enable cell division, Ig gene rearrangement and cell differentiation, and in mature cells, to promote B cell survival in the periphery.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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