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Am J Public Health. 2002 Aug;92(8):1331-7.

HIV-positive women report more lifetime partner violence: findings from a voluntary counseling and testing clinic in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.

Author information

1
Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA. smaman@jhsph.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Experiences of partner violence were compared between HIV-positive and HIV-negative women.

METHODS:

Of 340 women enrolled, 245 (72%) were followed and interviewed 3 months after HIV testing to estimate the prevalence and identify the correlates of violence.

RESULTS:

The odds of reporting at least 1 violent event was significantly higher among HIV-positive women than among HIV-negative women (physical violence odds ratio [OR] = 2.63; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.23, 5.63; sexual violence OR = 2.39; 95% CI = 1.21, 4.73). Odds of reporting partner violence was 10 times higher among younger (< 30 years) HIV-positive women than among younger HIV-negative women (OR = 9.99; 95% CI = 2.67, 37.37).

CONCLUSIONS:

Violence is a risk factor for HIV infection that must be addressed through multilevel prevention approaches.

PMID:
12144993
PMCID:
PMC1447239
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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