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Arch Psychiatr Nurs. 2002 Aug;16(4):168-75.

Risk factors for pediatric posttraumatic stress disorder after traumatic injury.

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Department of Pediatrics, Section of Academic General Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77035, USA.


The purpose of this study was to identify risk factors that may be predictive of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in children after a traumatic injury. The study was a retrospective review of data collected from 337 pediatric trauma patients treated in a multidisicplinary outpatient clinic. Results from Chi-square and t-test analyses indicated that gender, ethnicity, age, and injury severity were not risk factors for PTSD. However, mechanism of injury, specifically a gun shot wound (p =.001), was associated with development of PTSD, as was body area of injury, specifically the abdomen (p =.001). Psychiatric screening of patients with gun shot wounds and wounds to the abdomen may help with the early identification and treatment of PTSD.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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