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Anal Chem. 2002 Jul 1;74(13):3046-54.

Optical imaging fiber-based single live cell arrays: a high-density cell assay platform.

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Department of Chemistry, Tufts University, Medford, Massachusetts 02155, USA.


A high-density, ordered array containing thousands of microwells is fabricated on an optical imaging fiber. Each individually addressable microwell is used to accommodate a single living cell. A charged coupled device (CCD) detector is employed to monitor and spatially resolve the fluorescence signals obtained from each individual cell, allowing simultaneous monitoring of cellular responses of all the cells in the array using reporter genes (lacZ, EGFP, ECFP, DsRed) or fluorescent indicators. Yeast and bacteria cell arrays were fabricated and used to perform multiplexed cell assays with resolution at the single-cell level. Monitoring gene expression in single yeast cells carrying a two-hybrid system was used to detect in vivo protein-protein interactions. The single-cell array technology provides a new platform for monitoring the unique multiple responses of large populations of individual cells from different strains or cell lines. The rich data acquired by the cell array has the potential to be employed as a new tool for cell biology research as well as to improve cell-based high-throughput screening (HTS) applications, such as the validation of new disease-associated cellular targets and the early-stage evaluation of potential drug candidates.

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