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Melanoma Res. 2002 Jun;12(3):201-9.

Protein kinase C isoforms in normal and transformed cells of the melanocytic lineage.

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Department of Radiotherapy and Radiobiology, University Hospital Vienna, Vienna, Austria.


Enzymes belonging to the protein kinase C (PKC) family represent one of the major mediators of signal transduction in melanocytes. To identify PKC isoforms that may be associated with the process of malignant transformation and metastasis, we investigated the expression pattern of 11 different PKC isoforms (alpha, beta I, beta II, gamma, delta, epsilon, eta, theta, zeta, lambda, and iota) in melanoma lymph node metastases, in cell lines established from these metastases, in primary cell cultures from normal melanocytes, and in permanent cell lines established from spontaneously transformed melanocytes. PKC alpha, beta I, beta II, delta, epsilon, eta, zeta, lambda and iota were found to be expressed in total lysates from melanoma metastases. In permanent cell lines established from these metastases, the expression levels of PKC beta I, beta II, delta, epsilon, and eta were lower or undetectable when compared with initial expression in tumour lysates. In normal primary melanocyte cultures, the PKC isoforms beta II, delta, epsilon, eta and iota were undetectable. PKC gamma and theta isoforms were undetectable in all melanocytic cell types examined. PKC iota was the only isoform exclusively detected in tumour lysates, in spontaneously transformed melanoma cells and melanoma cell lines, but not in normal melanocytes, and may therefore be associated with the transformed phenotype in human melanoma in vitro and in vivo.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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