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J Mol Biol. 2002 Aug 2;321(1):133-48.

Analysis of the human replication protein A:Rad52 complex: evidence for crosstalk between RPA32, RPA70, Rad52 and DNA.

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Department of Chemistry, University of Toledo, 2801 West Bancroft Street, OH 43606-3390, USA.


The eukaryotic single-stranded DNA-binding protein, replication protein A (RPA), is essential for DNA replication, and plays important roles in DNA repair and DNA recombination. Rad52 and RPA, along with other members of the Rad52 epistasis group of genes, repair double-stranded DNA breaks (DSBs). Two repair pathways involve RPA and Rad52, homologous recombination and single-strand annealing. Two binding sites for Rad52 have been identified on RPA. They include the previously identified C-terminal domain (CTD) of RPA32 (residues 224-271) and the newly identified domain containing residues 169-326 of RPA70. A region on Rad52, which includes residues 218-303, binds RPA70 as well as RPA32. The N-terminal region of RPA32 does not appear to play a role in the formation of the RPA:Rad52 complex. It appears that the RPA32CTD can substitute for RPA70 in binding Rad52. Sequence homology between RPA32 and RPA70 was used to identify a putative Rad52-binding site on RPA70 that is located near DNA-binding domains A and B. Rad52 binding to RPA increases ssDNA affinity significantly. Mutations in DBD-D on RPA32 show that this domain is primarily responsible for the ssDNA binding enhancement. RPA binding to Rad52 inhibits the higher-order self-association of Rad52 rings. Implications for these results for the "hand-off" mechanism between protein-protein partners, including Rad51, in homologous recombination and single-strand annealing are discussed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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