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J Med Chem. 2002 Aug 1;45(16):3381-93.

Probing the ATP ribose-binding domain of cyclin-dependent kinases 1 and 2 with O(6)-substituted guanine derivatives.

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1
Department of Chemistry and Cancer Research Unit, University of Newcastle, Newcastle upon Tyne NE2 4HH, United Kingdom.

Abstract

O(6)-substituted guanines are adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP) competitive inhibitors of CDK1/cyclin B1 and CDK2/cyclin A, the O(6) substituent occupying the kinase ribose binding site. Fifty-eight O(6)-substituted guanines were prepared to probe the ribose pocket, and the structures of four representative compounds bound to monomeric CDK2 were determined by X-ray crystallography. Optimum binding occurs with a moderately sized aliphatic O(6) substituent that packs tightly against the hydrophobic patch presented by the glycine loop, centered on Val18, an interaction promoted by the conformational restraints imposed in a cyclohexylmethyl or cyclohexenylmethyl ring. Structure-based design generated (R)-(2-amino-9H-purin-6-yloxymethyl)pyrrolidin-2-one (56), which reproduces the reported hydrogen bonds formed between ATP and Asp86 and Gln131 but failed to improve inhibitory potency. Thus, the parent compound O(6)-cyclohexylmethylguanine (NU2058, 25) is the preferred starting point for exploring other areas of the kinase active site.

PMID:
12139449
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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