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Gene. 2002 Jun 26;293(1-2):21-31.

Microarray analysis of gene expression during early adipocyte differentiation.

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Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences and Arkansas Children's Hospital, Little Rock, AR 72205, USA.


The molecular mechanisms that regulate cellular differentiation during development and throughout life are complex. It is now recognized that precise patterns of differentially expressed genes ultimately direct a particular cell toward a given lineage and many of these are regulated during the earliest stages of differentiation. Using a microarray-based expression analysis, we have examined gene expression profiles during the first 24 h of 3T3-L1 adipocyte differentiation. RNA was isolated at times 0, 2, 8, 16, and 24 h following stimulation of differentiation and hybridized in duplicate to high density Affymetrix microarray gene chips containing a series of 13,179 cDNA/expressed sequence tag (EST) probe sets. Two hundred and eighty-five cDNA/ESTs were shown to have at least a fivefold change in expression levels during this time course and both hierarchical and self-organizing map clustering analysis was performed to categorize them by expression profiles. Several genes known to be regulated during this time period were confirmed and Western blot analysis of the proteins encoded by some of the identified genes revealed expression profiles similar to their mRNA counterparts. As expected, many of the genes identified have not been examined in such a critical time period during adipogenesis and may well represent novel adipogenic mediators.

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