Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Biol Reprod. 2002 Aug;67(2):668-73.

Nuclear factor kappa B regulation of proinflammatory cytokines in human gestational tissues in vitro.

Author information

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Melbourne University, Mercy Hospital for Women, 126 Clarendon Street, East Melbourne, Victoria 3002, Australia.


Proinflammatory cytokines are implicated in the initiation and progression of human labor and delivery, particularly in relation to infection-induced preterm labor. In nongestational tissues, the nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappaB) transcription pathway is a key regulator of proinflammatory cytokine release. In these tissues, sulfasalazine (SASP), through its ability to inhibit NF-kappaB activation, inhibits release of interleukin (IL)-2, IL-12, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate whether or not NF-kappaB activation regulates the formation of proinflammatory cytokines in human gestational tissues. Human placenta, amnion, and choriodecidua (n = 9 separate placentas) were incubated with 10 microg/ml of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in the absence (control) or presence of SASP (0.1, 1, 5, or 10 mM). After 6 h of incubation, the tissues were collected, and NF-kappaB DNA binding activity in nuclear extracts was assessed by electromobility shift binding assay. The incubation medium was collected and the release of IL-6, IL-8, and TNF-alpha was quantified by ELISA. Treatment of placenta, amnion, and choriodecidua with SASP at concentrations 5 mM or greater significantly inhibited the release of IL-6, IL-8, and TNF-alpha, and NF-kappaB activation (ANOVA, P < 0.05). The data presented in this study demonstrate that the NF-kappaB transcription pathway is a key regulator of LPS-stimulated IL-6, IL-8, and TNF-alpha release from human gestational tissues. The control of NF-kappaB activation may therefore provide an alternative therapeutic strategy for reducing the release of proinflammatory mediators in infection associated preterm labor.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Support Center