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Hum Gene Ther. 2002 Jul 1;13(10):1225-33.

Tumor-targeted Salmonella expressing cytosine deaminase as an anticancer agent.

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Vion Pharmaceuticals, Inc., New Haven, CT 06511, USA. IKING@VIONPHARM.COM


The study was designed to evaluate whether TAPET-CD, an attenuated strain of Salmonella typhimurium expressing Escherichia coli cytosine deaminase (CD), was capable of converting nontoxic 5-fluorocytosine (5-FC) to the active antitumor agent 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). The antitumor effect of TAPET-CD plus 5-FC against subcutaneously implanted colon tumors was also evaluated. TAPET-CD was given to tumor-bearing mice by a single bolus intravenous administration followed with 5-FC by intraperitoneal administration. TAPET-CD accumulated in tumors at levels 1000-fold higher than that in normal tissues and high levels of 5-FU were detected in tumors in mice treated with both TAPET-CD and 5-FC. No 5-FU could be detected in normal tissues. Inhibition of tumor growth was observed in mice treated with either TAPET-CD alone or TAPET-CD in combination with 5-FC (TAPET-CD/5-FC), but not with 5-FC alone. TAPET-CD/5-FC inhibited tumor growth by 88%-96%, compared to TAPET-CD alone, which inhibited tumor growth by 38%-79%. These data suggest that tumor-targeting Salmonella could be used to deliver prodrug-converting enzyme selectively to tumors and produced anti-tumor effects when the corresponding prodrug was also given.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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