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J Urol. 2002 Aug;168(2):798-804.

The bladder acellular matrix graft in a rat chemical cystitis model: functional and histologic evaluation.

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Department of Urology, University of California San Francisco, School of Medicine, San Francisco, California, USA.



We investigated the feasibility of augmentation in a diseased bladder with a bladder acellular matrix graft.


In 50 female Sprague-Dawley rats chemical cystitis was induced by intravesical instillation of HCl repeated monthly to maintain chronic inflammation. Urodynamic studies were performed in all rats 1 week after the induction of chemical cystitis and repeated at sacrifice. The 29 rats in the experimental group underwent partial cystectomy (50% or greater), followed by bladder acellular matrix graft augmentation, while the 21 controls underwent monthly HCl instillation only. The rats were sacrificed at 2 weeks, 1, 2 and 3 months, respectively. The bladder was removed and examined for histological changes.


Urodynamic studies showed that bladder capacity and compliance were significantly higher in the grafted than in the control group (p = 0.008 and 0.006, respectively, at 3 months). Histological studies revealed urothelial and smooth muscle regeneration within the bladder acellular matrix graft at 1 month and nerve regeneration at 3. The number of mast cells was significantly lower in the grafted region than in the host bladder of all grafted rats (p <0.001).


In this rat chemical cystitis model bladder augmentation with a bladder acellular matrix graft led to functional and histological improvement over diseased host bladder.

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