Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Coron Artery Dis. 2002 May;13(3):139-43.

Prognostic significance of plasma concentrations of transforming growth factor-beta in patients with coronary artery disease.

Author information

1
Division of Cardiology, St Mary's Hospital, Kurume, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Cytokines play an important role in modulating inflammatory and proliferative responses, including atherosclerosis. Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) and macrophage-colony stimulating factor (M-CSF) are one of the major antiinflammatory and proinflammatory cytokines, respectively. We have previously demonstrated that plasma concentrations of TGF-beta are decreased while those of M-CSF are increased in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). In this study, we examined whether those alterations in plasma levels of cytokines have a prognostic significance in patients with CAD.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

Sixty-eight consecutive patients with proven CAD were studied. The plasma concentrations of TGF-beta and those of M-CSF were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). They were divided into groups: high (> or =6 ng/ml, n = 19) and low (<6 ng/ml, n = 49) TGF-beta groups and high (>500 ng/ml, n = 52) and low (< or =500 ng/ml, n = 16) M-CSF groups. The long-term prognosis of these patients was prospectively followed up for a mean period of 979 +/- 27 days. The prognosis was analyzed by Kaplan-Meier analysis in terms of total survival, survival without myocardial infarction, survival without cardiovascular events and survival without coronary interventions. The analysis showed that the low TGF-beta group had a significantly poor prognosis in terms of survival without cardiovascular events and survival without coronary interventions as compared with the high TGF-beta group (both P < 0.05), while other prognoses were comparable between the two groups. By contrast, no significant prognostic influence was noted regarding M-CSF.

CONCLUSIONS:

These results suggest that plasma concentrations of TGF-beta may have a prognostic significance in patients with CAD.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wolters Kluwer
Loading ...
Support Center