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J Vet Med Sci. 2002 Jun;64(6):505-8.

Sex identification of Japanese black bear, Ursus thibetanus japonicus, by PCR based on amelogenin gene.

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  • 1United Graduate School of Veterinary Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Gifu University, Japan.

Abstract

A method for sex identification of the Japanese black bear was examined using a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and sequencing of a part of the amelogenin gene. This gene is located on the X and Y chromosomes, and there are 54 nucleotide deletions on the Y chromosome-specific gene. Forty-seven (26 male and 21 female) DNA samples and 23 (13 male and 10 female) DNA samples, respectively extracted from white blood cells and hairs of Japanese black bears were analyzed. The primers SE47 and SE48 from this X-Y homologous region were used in sex identification by PCR amplification. These primers amplified X- and Y-specific bands, which could be used to discriminate between sexes by a length polymorphism in all samples. We suggest that PCR amplification using the primers SE47 and SE48 is useful for sex determination of the Japanese black bear and could be applied to DNA analysis of small samples such as hairs.

PMID:
12130835
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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