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Blood. 2002 Aug 1;100(3):1019-25.

Engagement of ILT2/CD85j in Sézary syndrome cells inhibits their CD3/TCR signaling.

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  • 1INSERM 448 and Dermatology Department, Faculté de Médecine de Créteil, Créteil, France.

Abstract

Extensive phenotype analysis of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) malignant cell lines revealed surface expression of receptors usually not detected on normal circulating CD4(+)CD45RO(+) lymphocytes. We previously found that CTCL malignant cells express the killer cell immunoglobulinlike receptor (KIR) KIR3DL2/CD158k, whereas they fail to express the other KIRs. In the present study, we report for the first time that the CD85j/immunoglobulin (Ig)-like transcript 2 (ILT2) receptor is found on Sézary cell lines and on circulating Sézary malignant CD4(+) cells, while it is hardly detectable on circulating CD4(+) lymphocytes from healthy individuals. We demonstrate that ILT2 is functional on CTCL cells, as its triggering leads to the recruitment of Src homology 2 domain-containing tyrosine phosphatase (SHP-1) and to the specific inhibition of CTCL malignant cell proliferation induced by CD3/T-cell receptor (TCR) stimulation. Interestingly, we found that separated CD4(+)ILT2(+) circulating malignant Sézary cells are less susceptible to anti-CD3 monoclonal antibody (mAb)-induced cell death than autologous CD4(+)ILT2(-) lymphocytes. Therefore, the resistance to apoptosis of Sézary cells may result from distinct mechanisms including cytokine-induced high levels of bcl-2 and specific expression of inhibitory receptors involved in lymphocyte survival.

PMID:
12130517
DOI:
10.1182/blood-2001-12-0303
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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